Yves Quéré

    Après des études d’ingénieur à l’École des Mines (Paris, 1954), une thèse d'Ingénieur (1961) et une thèse d'État (1968) sous la direction de Jacques Friedel, Yves Quéré s'est spécialisé dans la physique des solides – et plus particulièrement celle des matériaux – qu’il a pratiquée à la frontière entre sciences fondamentale et appliquée. Au Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique (CEA), puis à l’École Polytechnique à partir de 1987, il a étudié les propriétés des "défauts cristallins" dans les métaux, les effets des irradiations sur les solides et l’interaction des particules avec la matière. Il a notamment étudié la "décanalisation" des particules par les défauts cristallins, ainsi que divers effets − de volume, de taille et de conduction − observés dans les solides irradiés par des particules rapides (électrons, neutrons, fragments de fission) à basse température. Il a, dans le même temps, dirigé un laboratoire dédié à l’étude des éléments "combustibles" pour réacteurs nucléaires à neutrons rapides ainsi qu'aux applications médicales des éléments lourds radioactifs (plutonium, californium…).

    Nommé Professeur à l’École Polytechnique, il y a été élu Président du Département de physique et Président du Sénat des Professeurs. Nommé Directeur de l’Enseignement, il a fortement contribué à l’introduction de la Biologie dans le Tronc Commun de l’École, ainsi qu’à une ouverture accrue aux sciences expérimentales et à la pluridisciplinarité par le biais des "Majeures" qu’il a introduites dans le cursus des élèves. Il a également enseigné dans nombre d’autres Écoles d’ingénieurs (Mines, Télécom, Centrale…), à l’Université (Paris), à l'INSTN (Saclay) et à l’étranger (Argentine, États-Unis, Chine, Hongrie, Pologne, Russie…).

Correspondant (1980) puis Membre (1991) de l’Académie des sciences, il en a été durant onze ans (1992-2003) le Délégué aux Relations internationales, prélude à son élection à la présidence de l’IAP (InterAcademy Panel) qui est l’Assemblée de la centaine d’Académies des sciences existant de par le monde. À ce poste, il a pu stimuler la collaboration internationale entre Académies, faire adopter par elles des "Déclarations" (Statements) destinées à l’ONU et aux gouvernements sur des sujets tenant à l’éthique, à l’enseignement des sciences, aux armes bacté-riologiques, à l’enseignement de l’évolution, à l’unité de la science…, et oeuvrer à la création de nouvelles Académies dans divers pays en développement.

    Membre de l’Académie Pontificale des Sciences, Docteur honoris causa de diverses Universités étrangères, il a présidé le Conseil d’Administration de l’École Normale Supérieure de Cachan, et de nombreux Conseils scientifiques (à l’ANDRA, au CNRS, au MAE…).

Depuis 1996, il a travaillé, aux côtés de Georges Charpak ( + ), l'initiateur de La main à la pâte, et de Pierre Léna – dans le cadre de l’Académie des sciences – à la rénovation, à l'école, d’une pratique des sciences de la nature qui soit fondée sur l’observation, l’expérimentation et le raisonnement, en relation avec les enseignements des mathématiques, du langage et de l’histoire. À ce titre, il est amené à donner de nombreuses conférences, en France et à l’étranger où La main à la pâte est de plus en plus pratiquée (Allemagne, Argentine, Brésil, Canada, Chine, Colombie, Égypte, Indonésie, Malaisie, Mexique, Serbie, Soudan, Suisse, Togo, Turquie…), en interaction forte avec l’ensemble de l'Europe et les États-Unis. Il a présidé le Comité pour l’enseignement de l’Académie des sciences.

   Violoncelliste, il a obtenu en 1998 (avec Jean-Michel Molkhou, Philip Bönhoffer et Frédéric Fortineau, en quatuor avec piano) le premier Prix à l’unanimité au CEM (Concours Européen pour les Mélomanes). 

  Il a eu pour épouse France Quéré, née Jaulmes (1936-1995), écrivain, théologienne protestante, membre du Comité Consultatif National d'Éthique, auteur de nombreux livres parmi lesquels La femme avenir, Le Dénuement de l'espérance, Au fil de l'autre, Sur la mort d'un ami, Le sel et le vent, Les femmes de l'Évangile, L'homme maître de l'homme, Conscience et neurosciences, L'Éthique et la vie... Elle a donné d'innombrables cours et conférences en France, en Algérie, en Allemagne, en Belgique, au Canada, en Grande Bretagne, en Grèce, en Italie, en Suisse...

    Il a pour enfants David, Anne et Emmanuelle.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________

 Principaux livres / Main books

  • Défauts ponctuels dans les métaux, Masson, 1968
  • Irradiation effects in fissionable materials, (avec Jean Leteurtre), North Holland, 1975
  • Physique des matériaux, Ellipses, 1988
  • Physics of materials, Gordon & Breach, 1998
  • La science institutrice, Odile Jacob, 2002
  • La sagesse du physicien, L’œil neuf, 2005
  • L’enfant et la science (avec Georges Charpak et Pierre Léna), Odile Jacob, 2005
  • La culture, en mémoire de France Quéré (collectif), Odile Jacob, 2006
  • L'enseignement, la communication, Le Pommier, 2008
  • Doubles croches, Le Pommier, 2010
  • Langue et scienc (avec Alain Bentolila), Plon, 2014   ___________________________________________________________________________________________
  •     

    Description : Yves violoncelle photoYves Quéré  

     

    Born 29/04/1931, Commercy, France.

    Widower of France Quéré-Jaulmes, theologian and writer (+1995)

    3 children, David, a physicist ; Anne, a pianist ; Emmanuelle, a journalist.

    Career

    Graduated in 1954 from Ecole des Mines (Paris)

    1954-1957 : Military service

    1961:           Thesis « Ingénieur-Docteur », Point Defects in Silver, Supervisor : Jacques Friedel

    1968:           PhD in Physics, Dechanneling of fast Particles in Crystals, Supervisor : Jacques Friedel

    1963-1969 : Head of Laboratory of Actinide Metallurgy, Atomic Energy Commission (Commissariat à                            l’énergie atomique, CEA, France)

    1969-1983 : Head of Irradiated Solids Laboratory, CEA, Saclay

    1980-1991 : Corresponding Member, Académie des sciences (France)

    1969-1996 : Professor of Physics at École polytechnique, Paris

    1994-1996 : Head of Direction de l'Enseignement, École Polytechnique

    1996          : Retirement at age 65

    1996-               : Full involvement in Science Education of children (La main à la pâte)

    1991-         : Full Member, Académie des sciences (France)

    1993-1996 : Member of the Jury, Bower Prize, Philadelphia (USA)

    1994-         : Member of the Board of Governors, Ben Gurion University (Israël)

    2003-         : Member of Pontificia Academia Scientiarum (Vatican)

     

    Other responsibilities

    1969-1976 : Member of  Comité national, Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS, France)

    1975-1976 : Visiting Professor, University of Aarhus (Denmark)

    1981-         : Member (presently Secretary) of the Committee for Human Rights, Académie des sciences

    1987-1994 : Chair, Department of Physics, École Polytechnique

    1989-1996 : Chair, Senate of Professors, École Polytechnique

    1990-1995 : Chair, Governing Board,  École Normale supérieure, Cachan

    1992-1998 : Chair of Association Bernard Gregory, dedicated to Researcher’s post doctoral mobility

    1992-2003 : Foreign Secretary, Académie des sciences

    1995-         : Vice-President of VECV, a private school in Paris for severely handicapped children

    1998-2003 : Chair, Scientific Council for Nuclar waste in France (ANDRA)

    1972-1998 : Chair of a number of Scientific Councils of CNRS laboratories                                   

    2000-2006 : Co-Chair of InterAcademy Panel (IAP : the worldwide Assembly of Academies of sciences)

             2000-2003 : with Eduardo Krieger (Brazil)  

             2003-2006 : with Chen Zhu (China)

    2005-         : Co-Chair of the French-Chinese Foundation for Science and its applications (FFCSA)

    2005-2008 : Chair, Committee for Education, Académie des sciences

    2008-         : Member of the France-Israel High Council for Science

    2013-        : Member of the Scientific Council of the Fondation La main à la pate

    2013-        : Member of the Conseil scientifique of the French Ministry of Education  


    Distinctions and honors


    1969          :  Silver medal of the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS, France)

    1996          : Doctor Honoris causa, Polytechnic University, Bucharest (Roumania)

    1998          : First prize (unanimity) as a cellist, at the CEM (Concours européen pour les mélomanes)

    2003         : Doctor Honoris causa, Academy of sciences of Belarus

    2004         : Officier de l’Ordre du Mérite

    2007         : Commandeur de la Légion d’Honneur

    2008         : Suur Kuldtukat Samfuldet Forselius (Suède)

    2010          : Commandeur des Palmes Académique

     

    1/ Main scientific results

             The main scientific results obtained by Yves Quéré may be summarized as follows (list of publications, see 7/).

             When a particle (neutron, proton, electron, ion…) penetrates into a solid, two problems are to be raised : (1) the disorder introduced in the solid (radiation effect) i. e. the creation of crystal lattice defects, with a number of consequences on the solid ; and (2) the fate of the particle itself, essentially the way it is slowed down by the electrons and/or the nuclei of the solid.

             (1) A very special – and possibly spectacular – radiation effect, observed in anisotropic α Uranium (an orthorhombic phase), is the irradiation growth, a change of shape without a change of volume. YQ was the first to observe that, contrary to expected, this growth is dramatically enhanced at very low temperatures, a phenomenon which he could explain (1961b, 1963c, 1964, 1965a, 1965b). For this reason in particular, Uranium cannot be used as fuels in nuclear reactors whereas oxides or carbides, being of cubic structure, do not grow (with C. Weinberg & R. Conte). YQ was then directly involved in the choice of fuel elements of the French fast neutron reactors Rapsodie and Phenix and in particular in the preference given to oxides vs carbides, due to a larger swelling (see next §) of the latter.

             Another effect, in fissionable solids, is indeed the swelling, due to the formation of fission gas (Xe and Kr) bubbles in the solid material. YQ showed theoretically that the breakaway swelling, a dramatic enhancement of the previous phenomenon, is essentially due to the merging of static growing bubbles, a phenomenon close to that of boiling of liquids (with J. Blin, 1963a). For this reason in particular, temperature must be rigorously controlled, below a given value, during the functioning of the reactors. All French power nuclear reactors take this phenomenon into account.

             Point defects, a major product of irradiations in solids, have been studied experimentally, especially (i) vacancies, where their binding with Oxygen in Silver was discovered (1962a, 1963d), their interaction with dislocations in Gold observed (with E. Ostertag, 1967a) and their intrinsic thermal expansion studied (with J.-P. Ganne, 1982c) ; and (ii) self-interstitials in Molybdenum where their para-elastic behavior in presence of a stress could be observed and interpreted (with B. Beuneu, 1981b), and in Iridium where a unique case of an ephemeral Frenkel pair (the pairing of a vacancy plus an interstitial) was discovered (with M.-H. Gély & A. Dunlop,1983). By irradiating di-atomic superconductors with electrons of various energies, the effects, upon the superconductive behaviour, of the defect formation on the two distinct sub-lattices could be separated (with F. Rullier, 1981a).

             A new type of irradiation-induced creep was introduced and described, due to the accumulation of dislocation loops of polarized Burgers vectors, a polarization created by the uniaxial stress imposed to the crystal (with J. Leteurtre, 1975c, 1977a, 1979).

             (2) A fast particle is said to be channeled if its trajectory is very close to the direction of a dense atomic row of a crystal. In this case, its trajectory becomes stable in a crystal channel and spends most of the time far from the nuclei and from most of the electrons, its stopping being then dramatically decreased. YQ was the first to study systematically the dechanneling due to the distortion of those rows (case of dislocations) or to the blocking of the channels (case of a stacking fault or of a grain-boundary). He determined these various types of dechanneling theoretically and measured the corresponding dechanneling cross sections (1968b-d, 1970). From these results, he devised a new metallographic analysis of crystal, which he called channelograph (“canaligraphie”, 1968a-c, 1976b) where the channeled particles hit a screen after traversing the crystal, their flux depending – due to dechanneling – on the local density of defects encountered (with J. Mory & G. Désarmot).

             The nuclear reactions of these particles with the solid are dramatically modified in the case of channeling since the probability of a nucleus/nucleus encounter is then drastically decreased. A number of such nuclear events and exchange processes have been observed and studied (1985b, 1989a-b, 1990a-b 1996) in the case of relativistic heavy (Pb, Xe...) ions channeled in Silicon or Germanium. Such atomic processes as Lyman a production, electron-impact-ionization, and KLL resonant transfer and excitation (RTE) of He-like Xe ions have been extensively studied for channeled or hyperchanneled trajectories of the ions (with C. Cohen, J. Remilleux, J.C. Poizat, S. Andriamonje…).

             (3) From a more applied point of view, YQ decided to imply part of his laboratory into medical utilizations of actinide metals. At a time when batteries had a duration not longer than 18 months, a real limitation for pacemakers, batteries were designed and built by using the heat release – transformed into electric power – of Pu238. These batteries had a certified capacity of ten years. More than 1200 such pace-makers were implanted until the Li-based batteries came on the market. Another application consisted in the fabrication of Californium-based local irradiators, to be implanted at the site of tumors via catheters (with R. Boucher, 1981c).

     

    2/ Science Education

             In 1996, together with Nobel laureate Georges Charpak and astrophysicist Pierre Léna, both members of the Académie des sciences, YQ started a large-scale action aimed at re-introducing science in French elementary schools (it had practically disappeared) and renovating the way of teaching it. The main idea – after visiting Leon Lederman’s realizations in Chicago – was to act in such a way that children would learn science by doing it rather than by reading it on a blackboard or in a book. This was called La main à la pâte (lamap) and was immediately endorsed by the Académie and by the French Ministry of Education. Considering the shyness of many teachers in front of science, the result is presently far from negligible : about one half of the 340 000 school teachers in France now teach science in this way, while the other half has, at least, come back to science even if they teach it in a more conventional way.

             The fact that he was at that time the foreign Secretary of the Académie (and later the co-Chair of the IAP) helped YQ to establish contacts, on this theme, with a number of Academies wishing to launch lamap in their country or to renovate their own system of science education (practically all of Latin America, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Vietnam, most of European countries, USA (where the President of the NAS, Bruce Alberts, was extremely active and efficient on this theme), Egypt, Madagascar, Senegal, Morocco, Benin, Sudan… This has now become a highly coordinated international endeavour, under the global name of IBSE (Inquiry Based Science Education), where the aim is altogether to give to children a scientific vision of the world and to introduce them to a logical and rigorous way of thinking. One or two major conferences or symposia per year (and many more training sessions) are now being held on this subject (as compared to ca zero previously) where YQ is frequently a keynote speaker.

             It was soon re-discovered that Science, at least if taught in this way, gave a good support to the mastery of language. YQ has analyzed this feature – as due to a common origin of language and science – in a book written with a linguist (Alain Bentolila, see in § 3-2).

     

    3/ Books

    3-1. Science

    - R. Arditti, P. Costa, Y. Quéré, Chimie générale, 472 pages, Masson, 1966

    - Y Quéré, Défauts ponctuels dans les métaux (Point defects in metals), 236 pages, Masson, 1967

    - J. Leteurtre, Y. Quéré, Irradiation Effects in fissile Materials, 128 pages, North Holland, 1972

    - Y. Adda, J.-M. Dupouy, J. Philibert, Y. Quéré, Eléments de métallurgie physique, 6 volumes,                              INSTN, 1977

    - Y. Quéré, Physique des matériaux, 461 pages, Ellipses, 1988

          This book, intended for graduate and post-graduate students has been the first in France, at this level, giving a description both of the conduction properties of metals, semi-conductors…, and of their mechanical properties.  It is used as a reference textbook in most Departments of Material Science and Engineering of French Universities and Grandes Écoles. One of its main originalities has been to gather a number of problems of various difficulties together with their solutions, submitted to students in Ecole polytehnique, dealing with concrete themes of research and/or industry.

    - Y. Quéré, Physics of Materials, 480 pages, Gordon & Breach, 1998

          Translated from the previous.

    Y. Quéré, A. Pineau, La Métallurgie

           A Report of the Académie des sciences and the Académie des Technologies on the present state of French Metallurgy, taken both as a science and as an industrial adventure, considered in the landscape of globalization. July 2010.

    3-2.  Science, culture, education

    - I. Catala, P. Léna, Y. Quéré, Graines de Sciences (Seeds of Sciences), Le Pommier, 1999

         This book inaugurated a series (“Graines de Sciences”) where various topics of science are presented pedagogically to school teachers.

    - Y. Quéré, La Science institutrice (Science as a teacher), 218 pages, Odile Jacob, 2002

         For more details see § 3/. 

    - G. Charpak, P. Léna, Y. Quéré, L'Enfant et la science (Child and Science), Odile Jacob, 2005

          For more details see § 3/. 

    - Y. Quéré, La Sagesse du physicien (The wisdom of the physicist), 111 pages, L'oeil neuf, 2006

          Invited to define the seven pillars of the wisdom of the physicist, YQ argues that it is not possible to exert this profession without a hint of madness, or at least irrationality. Is it wise to look for the peculiar where everybody sees the ordinary ? Not to be satisfied with the semblance of things but to track down their intimacy ? Not to capitulate in front of the incomprehensible ? And to feel filled with admiration at the architecture of the worlkd when discovering its laws and to divulge their beauty ?  

    - Y. Quéré, Enseigner, communiquer (Teaching, communicating), 190 pages, Le Pommier, 2008

         A gift  we make, a gift we  receive,  education is a promise of openness to  people and to the world. It gives us an appetite, makes us question, renews our ability to reason and to marvel or, if necessary, to be indignant.

    Here, YQ distinguishes between education, which is pervaded by an air of freedom, and communication which is subject to strict rules. The first  talks  about an involvement  of the whole being and about a completely personal art, similar to that of the artist. The  second is more practical and evokes that of the artisan, combining the art and the trade in ten cheerfully presented `commandments'. But let us not be deceived : education and communication are almost twin brothers. One spends its life in schools (in the broad sense), not forgetting in families also ; the other haunts businesses, agencies and  committees  instead. In our knowledge and information societies, these two brothers will not become victims of unemployment.

    - Y. Quéré, Doubles croches ("Semiquavers"), 268 pages, Le Pommier, 2010

             Semiquavers ? They are these short notes, unexpected and hopping, which the oboe throws above the longlasting monody of the orchestra : an image of these winks which reveal to us, if we are careful, a good part of the savour of days and of the miracle of encounters.

             Les doubles-croches? Ces notes brèves, inattendues et sautillantes, que le hautbois lance au-dessus de la tenue de l’orchestre: image de ces clins d’œil furtifs qui nous révèlent, si nous sommes attentifs – ainsi le «curieux» du tympan de Conques –, une bonne part de la saveur des jours et du miracle des rencontres.

             L’auteur nous convie au récit de quelques-uns de ces fragments véridiques d’une histoire qui pourrait être celle de chacun : nous y côtoyons subrepticement Andrei Sakharov, Yo Yo Ma, Georges Enesco, Nelson Mandela... mais aussi l’attachante couturière de la rue Saint-Séverin ou la belle inconnue d’Ekaterinbourg... Pages toniques où la légèreté du ton ne saurait dissimuler cette pensée : que l’aventure de chacun se relie mystérieusement à celle de tous, comme le font les différentes voix entremêlées du concert. Et que de celui-ci, les notes brèves – à peine perçues et souvent trop vite oubliées – ne sont pas toujours les moins substantielles.

    - Y. Quéré, La Culture, in memory of France Quéré, 191 pages, Odile Jacob, 2006

          The whole of  France Quéré's work will have been a hymn to culture, that is to say to the refinement of  awaereness, in the secret gardens of the  soul  and in the infinite field of the mind : « All the  cultures in the  World', she writes,` represent the attempt to extract humanity from that  great barbarian stock from which no  people has yet become entirely and sustainably disengaged ». And later: « If  music did not arise from  an original act, which the self asserts and which asserts the self, man would never have sung ». 

    On the occasion of the tenth anniversary of her death a symposium on culture viewed in this sense was held in the Palace of Senate. In this work, YQ brings together the  contributions and  reflections of the  eminent people who took part in this  symposuium (Jean-Pierre Chauveau, François Cheng, Béatrice Descamps-Latscha, Albert Jacquard, Philippe Joutard, Axel Kahn, Marguerite Léna, Pierre Léna, Michel Leplay, Gustave Martelet, Alain Mérot, Nicole Questiaux, Paul Ricœur) with several  emblematic texts by France Quéré.

    YQ shows that the multiplicity of approaches gives rise to a surprising unity of perspective and to the question What is culture? He in turn responds « What is it but that polyphony of our thoughts, of our emotions, and of our questioning ? But that awestruck wandering through the arcana of the world; or but, perhaps at root, this question about itself ? ».

    - P. Léna, B. Salviat, Y. Quéré, 29 notions pour savourer et faire savourer la science (29 notions to savour and make savour science), 494 pages, Le Pommier, 2009

          A book for school teachers, focused on inquiry pedagogy and developing some scientific concepts to be conveyed to school students.

    - B. Descamps-Latscha, Y. Quéré, Apprendre malgré, le handicap et la maladie, (To learn in spite of, handicap and illness), 238 pages, Odile Jacob, 2010

          YQ proposed to gather into a book all the very specific pedagogy accumulated during more than fifty years by the teachers of VECV, this school for severely handicapped children which has been chaired by France Quéré until her death (1995), then by the eminent Journalist Noël Copin, former Rédacteur en chef de La croix, President of Reporters sans frontières until his death (2007) and now by Béatrice Descamps-Latscha, Directeur de recherches, INSERM, and a Member of the French National Committee of Ethics.

    - A. Bentolila, Y. Quéré, Langue et science (Language and Science : ‘when a linguist and a physicist     meet’), 211 pages. Plon, 2014

          In this book, it is shown how language and natural science were born, and grew up, together, like twin sisters. Vocabulary and grammar came up in strong connectkon with a scientific way of thinking, which  implies a strong link to be created, in schools, between the teaching of both.

     

    3-3 Contributions on Culture, Education, Ethics…

     

    Parts of books

    - L'Univers et le vivant

    In : Paysans,1985

    - La nature et la science

    In : La nature, Ellipses, 1990

    - French scientists and Human Rights*

    In : Andrei Sakharov, science et liberté, Editions de physique, 1990

    - Which solutions for the crisis of science education ?*

    In : Vers les sociétés du savoir, UNESCO Report, 2005

    - Enseigner la science à l’enfant, c'est aussi l'éduquer

    In : Pour l'éducation et pour l'école, des catholiques s'engagent, sous la direction de Mgr Dagens, Odile Jacob, 2007

    - Re-search*

    In: La Recherche en mouvement, Gutenberg, 2009

    - Eulogy of indetermination*

    In: Le plus grand des hasards, surprises quantiques, Belin, 2010

     Articles                                                                              

     - Viktor Brailowski, a figurehead of soviet Judaism*

    Bibliothèque juive contemporaine, 3, 1983

     - Denouncing the anti-semitism against soviet Jewish scientists*

     Le Monde, 1983

     - Science and music, two aspects of contemplation*

    La France catholique, n° 2167, 1988

     - Science and ancient languages*

    Bull. Association Guillaume Budé, p. 50, Mars 1993

     - Reading and imagination*

    Bull. Observatoire national de la lecture, MNESR, 1996

     - Science education and History

    Bull. Union des physiciens, n° 797, p. 1801, 1997

     - The virtues of a scientific education

    Nucl. Inst. Meth., B164, p. 23

     - Science and solidarity*

    Pax Romana, Sept 2000

     - Sustainable development and frugality*

    Traces, Société de Jésus, 2001

     - Science, language and society

    Bull. Académie des sciences et lettres de Montpellier, n°34, p. 93, 2003

     - When learning science becomes child's play (with David Jasmin)

    A world of science, UNESCO, July 2005

     - At school and at museum, doing science*

    Découvertes, n° 358, p. 63, 2008

     - Science, an entry into humility*

    Les cahiers rationalistes, n° 594, p. 7, 2008

     - Talibans threaten of death girls who go to school*

    La Croix, p. 9, 16 janvier 2009

     - Paper or electrons ?*

    La Jaune et la Rouge, p. 7, mars 2010 (also in Doubles croches, see 3-2)

     - Academies must engage with society

    Nature, Vol 465, p. 1009, 2010

     - Georges Charpak (1924-2010)

    Science, Vol 330, p. 604, 2010

     

    3-4 About Faith and Religion

     

    France Quéré’s posthumous books, under the direction of YQ

             France Quéré had published a large number of books among which : La femme avenir, Au fil de l’autre, L’amour le couple, Les ennemis de Jésus, Les femmes de l’Évangile, Jésus enfant, La famille, L’éthique et la vie, Si je n’ai pas la charité

    Hereunder, are those books which YQ has published after her death, under her name, from the innumerable articles, chronicles, lectures… which she had left.

    - Le sel et le vent, (Salt and wind), Foreword by Paul Ricœur, Bayard/Centurion, 1995

          In this book – which has received in 1996, the National Prize of Ecrivains croyantsYQ has gathered more than 80 chronicles among the 400 written by France Quéré in La Croix, Panorama and Réforme, all of them having a philosophical or religious flavor strongly emphasized by Paul Ricœur.         

    - Marie, Foreword by Charles Blanchet, Desclée de Brouwer, 1996

          « Why did France Quéré, considering that she was a protestant, give us so many pages about Virgin Mary ? » asks the catholic theologian Charles Blanchet. In the pages collected by YQ, the answer appears clearly : for her, the inconspicuous place occupied by Mary in the four Gospels has a spiritual meaning thus leaving sufficient room for the deepening of one’s Faith.

    - La femme et les Pères de l’Église (Women and fathers of the Church), Desclée de Brouwer, 1997           

    - Présence d’une parole, Foreword by Michel Leplay, Les Bergers et les mages, 1997                                

    - Au fil de la foi (Downstream the Faith), Desclée de Brouwer, 2000 

      Vol. I, Le Chemin de l’Écriture, (The path of holy Scripture) Foreword by Charles Blanchet ;

      Vol. II. Les Chemins de la Vie, (The paths of Life) Foreword by Michel Leplay, Afterword by Gustave Martelet,          

          Along these 700 pages, choosen by YQ in order to give us the essence of France Quéré’s thoughts about the evil, the challenges of modernity, the transmission of faith and the œcumenism. With the women and the men of the Gospel, with the words and the gestures of Christ, the Holy Scripture gets more lively and opens to us a path of Life.                                                          

    - L’homme maître de l’homme, Foreword by Jean Bernard, Afterword by Axel Kahn, Bayard, 2001

          Under this title, YQ gathers the main themes of reflexions and advices (to the National Committee of Ethics) of France Quéré are recapitulated : mastery of birth, of genome, of body and soul, of suffering, of ending life.

    - Conscience, neurosciences, Foreword by Paul Ricœur, Bayard, 2001

          In this book, YQ presents the philosophical and moral reflections of France Quéré who, during ten years, inside of the National Comittee for Bioethics, chaired the working group devoted to the Ethical aspects of Neurosciences. Let us listen to the eminent philosopher Paul Ricoeur :

    « I am grateful to Yves Quéré for giving me the opportunity to be involved in the publication of France's communications, articles and reflections concerning the relationships between the neurosciences and the moral dilemma. If I had to define in one word the preferred readership for these texts, which so harmoniously combine intelligence and concern, I would unhesitatingly reply that it is the cultured public. One would be mistaken to discern any pretention to teach lessons to scientists. If it is addressed to them (and this is also the case) it is from the perspective of the image they present of their knowledge outside their research bureau, laboratory or clinic, over the heads of their colleagues and their students, in short within the space of open public discussion (…).

    This is why it falls to great educators, such as France Quéré was, to serve as mediators between scientists and public opinion. To perform this role they themselves need to take the detour via science before returning to the homeland, which is theirself. They will then be qualified to accompany those reading neuroscience on that journey (…) ».

    4/ Lectures

             A large number of courses (in Argentina, Belgium, China, Denmark, France, Hungary, Israel, Russia, US...) and invited lectures all over the world (congresses, summer schools, Gordon conferences...) on various subjects among which (out of the field of physics) : The essential link between Science and Language / Science in relation with Faith / Music and science, two universal languages / Should one be afraid of science ? / The virtues of a scientific education / Sustainable development and frugality / The attitude of school-teachers towards Science / Culture and Ethics / Science, education and citizenship / Learned Societies and Human Rights / Nuclear waste : a new type of long-duration human solidarity / Science, an entry into humility / Nature and Beauty ...                                                

             In the last 15 years, these sum up to more than 300 invited and/or keynote lectures, many of them to international audiences. Here are a few of recent ones.

    - July 1991, Luzech, Au commencement du monde, in duo with France Quéré

    - Feb 1995, Ekaterinburg, Russian Science Acad. The future of nuclear metallurgy

    - Jan 1996, Rome, Amaldi Conference, The danger of Plutonium proliferation

    - Apr1996, Odense, Conf on Particle/Matter interaction, Channeling of relativistic Particles

    - Feb 1998, Paris, UNESCO, Yhave, Adam and Language

    - Aug 1998, Davos Summit, Science Academies faced to S&T and the enterprise world

    - Jul 1999, Trinidad, IAP Conference, The role of Science Academies for development-

    - Nov 2000, Beijing, ICSU Conference on Capacity building, Science Education of Children

    - Dec 2000 Tokyo, IAP General Assembly, The future Constitution of IAP

    - Sept 2001 Monterrey, Mexican Acad of Sciences, Why and How to teach Science to children ?

    - Aug 2002 Johannesburg, “Rio + 10” Conference, S&T for the Development of Africa

    - Dec 2003, Mexico, IAP General Assembly, Education and Sustainable Development

    - May 2004 Athens, The Academy of Athens, Ethics and Science

    - Nov 2005, Islamabad, Academies of the Islamic World, Women in Science

    - Aug 2006, Corpus Christi, Intern. Conference on Development, Science and Language

    - Dec 2006, Alexandria, IAP General Conference, The Unity of Science

    - Apr 2007, Colombo, The Network for Human Rights, Freedom and Learned Societies

    - Jul 2007, Morocco, Academy of Sciences, Science, Innovation and Development

    - Aug 2008, Kuala Lumpur, South East Asia Conference, Science Education in Islamic countries

    - Nov 2008, Paris, General Assembly of “Ecoles des Mines”, Science, Religion and Faith

    - Nov 2008, Tokyo, Conference on Jean-Henri Fabre, Fabre, an inspired Science Teacher

    - Oct 2009,  Rabat, Académie Hassan II, Public understanding of science

    - Sept 2009, Istanbul, International Conference on Education, Science and Language

    - Oct 2009, Brussels, UNESCO meeting on Women, Women in Science

    - June 2010, Brasilia, Conf. on Tech. & Innovation, The role of Academies in the 21st century

    - Sept 2010, Shanghai, Universal exhibition, Scientific collaboration between France and China

    - Nov 2011, Beijing, The importance of a doctoral training in modern life

    - Oct 2012, Kuala Lumpur, Science Education at school : why and how ?

    - Apr 2013, Khartoum, Learning Science at schoool by doing it

    - May 2013, Paris, La Nature est-elle belle ? (Is Nature beautiful ?)

    - Nov 2013, Nice, Qu’est-ce que l’Homme ?

    - Feb 2014, Rabbat, Y a-t-il une “signification de l’Homme“ ?

    - Apr 2014, Paris, Organization of a Symposium (Ecole de la difference, école différente ?) about                 the education of handicapped children

    - May 2014, Orléans, How to define Culture ?

     

    5/ Forewords of books

    - Collective, Science et technologie à l'école, Delagrave, 2000

    - M. Hartmann, Explorer le ciel est un jeu d'enfant, Le Pommier, 2001

    - M. Curie, Leçons de Marie Curie, EDP Sciences, 2003

    - Ch. Rhéaume, Andrei Sakharov, science morale et politique, Presses Univ Laval, 2004

    - M.-H. Auvray, L'électromagnétisme, Belin, 2005

    - F. Gires, L'empire de la physique, ASEISTE, 2006

    - Collective, IAP Strategic plan, TWAS, 2007

    - P. Oswald, Rhéophysique, Belin, 2006

    - D. Bense, B. Descamps-Latscha, D. Pol, Manger, bouger pour ma santé, Hatier, 2008

    - C. Le Gressus et al, Isolants, Ellipses, 2009

    - M. Bohy, Vivre mieux avec la science, Hermann, 2010

    - N. Hulin, Culture scientifique et humanisme, L'Harmattan, 2010

    6/ Some actions of general signification

             Beside his scientific research activity, YQ organized, or participated to, a number of various actions of general meaning. Among them, may be cited :

    - his visits to Moscow and Leningrad (years 1975-1990) in favour of the Soviet dissidents and Jewish refuzniks : frequent participations to the so-called Moscow Sunday Seminar at Iacov Alpert’s and Viktor Braïlowsky’s flats (described in Semiquavers, see § 3-2) ; his participation in Laurent Schwartz’s fight against politicial harassement in Soviet Union and in Alfred Kastler’s denounciation of tortures in the Latin America of years 1970 ;

    - his implication, with his wife France Quéré, in the dialogue between catholics and protestants as well as in the relations between science, faith and religion ; in particular, in the organization of a series of scientific lectures in the parisian church Saint-Etienne-du-Mont ;

    - his definite implication in Science Education of children, in the training of school teachers (see § 2/ ) and more generally in the public understanding of Science (participation to a number of radio broadcasts, of exhibitions…) ;

    - his action inside the Ecole polytechnique, an Institution mostly devoted to high level mathematics and physics, to introduce biology in the cursus and to favour interdisciplinarity through the creation of the Majeures and of the Voies d’Approfondissement ;

     - the orgnization which he manages, of regular meetings, in France (2007, 2010, 2013) between Academicians of the US- (lead by Glenn Schweitzer) and of Iran- Academies of sciences, meetings which would have been impossible in those two countries ;

    - his decision to provide the InterAcademy Panel (IAP) with statutes, bylaws, rules for admission, a well-established secretariat in Trieste and a sustainable budget with the help which he got – with Mohamed Hassan – from the Italian Parliament ; to launch « IAP programmes » (Health of woman and child, Water management, Science education of children...) inciting Science Academies in the world to work together, and « IAP Statements », short texts endorsed by a large majority of Academies and aimed at decision makers, governments, UN, Davos meetings..., on such subjects as Biosecurity, Human cloning... ; to create regional groups of Academies with well defined programmes, like IANAS (InterAmerican Network of Academies of Sciences) gathering the Academies of North, Central and South America, or like NASAC for the Academies of Africa... ;

    - his role in the creation of Science Academies of Senegal and Lebanon ; and in bona fide missions in Albania, Bolivia, Egypt, Japan, Vietnam ;

    - his fight, together with writer Jacqueline de Romilly, a member of the Académie française, to maintain Greek and Latin as possible options in French secondary education ;

    - his presidency of the Assocation des amis de Robert Soëtens, in memory of the great violonist Soëtens, a friend of Stravinsky, Ravel… and, mostly, Prokofieff of whom he created the 3rd Concerto for violin and orchestra ;

    - his implication in the combat against the destruction of Bizet's and Tourgueniev's neighbouring houses, in Bougival, close to Paris.

     

    7/ Main scientific papers                                            * : Title translated from French                                                                                        

    - Quéré Y., Nakache F. (1959). Evaluation of the volume of a fission spike in Uranium.*

    J. Mat. Nucl., 2, p. 203.

    - Quéré Y. (1960). Quenching of vacancies in  Silver.*

    C.R.Acad. Sci., 251, p. 367.

    - Quéré Y. (1961a). Mobility of vacancies in  Silver.*

    C.R.Acad. Sci., 252, p. 2399.

    - Quéré Y., Doulat J. (1961b). Irradiation-induced deformation of Uranium at very low temperatures.* C.R.Acad. Sci., 252, p. 1305.

    - Quéré Y. (1962a). Interaction between the quenched vacancies and impurities in metals and alloys.*

    J. Phys. Rad., 23, p. 778.

    - Quéré Y.  (1962b). A study of vacancies in Silver and Uranium.*

    CEA Report. R. 2116.

    - Quéré Y. (1962c). Effects of low-dose irradiations in Uranium.*

    J. Physique, 24, p. 489.

    - Quéré Y., Pham, F., Blin J. (1963a). A theory of breakaway swelling in nuclear fuels.*

    Reactor Science and Techn., 17, p. 15.

    - Jousset J.-C., Quéré Y. (1963b). Resistivity of Uranium quenched from 100 to 4.2K.*

    Phys. Letters, 5, p. 238.

    - Quéré Y. (1963c). Variations of resistivity in Uranium irradiated at low température.*

    J. Mat. nucl., 9, p. 290.

    - Quéré Y. (1963d). Interactions between quenched vacancies and Oxygen in Silver.

    J. Phys. Soc. Japan, 18 sup., III, p. 91.

    - Quéré Y. (1964). Irradiation effects in fissionable metals or alloys.

    In : The interaction of Radiation with Solids , 346, S. Amelinckx, ed., North Holland.

    - Sasao N., Weinberg C., Quéré Y. (1965a). Irradiation “growth” of Uranium at 77 K.*

    C.R.Acad. Sci., 260, p. 2763.

    - Burger G.,  Wenzl H., Jousset J.-C., Quéré Y. (1965b). Irradiation of Uranium with neutrons at 4.5K.

    Phil. Mag., 11, p. 621.

    - Burger G., Wenzl H., Isebeck K., Jousset J.-C., Quéré Y. (1965c). Saturation of resistivity increase in Uranium irradiated at 4.5 K . Phys. Letters, 16, p. 240.

    - Quéré Y., Resneau J.-C., Mory J. (1966). Obstruction of crystal channels in Gold.*

    C.R.Acad. Sci., 262, p. 1528.

    - Ostertag E., Quéré Y. (1967a). Elimination of vacancies in Gold in presence of dislocations.*

    Phys. Letters, 24A, p. 213.

    - Kéroulas (de) F., Mory J., Quéré Y. (1967b). Fissiography : diffusion of Uranium at quasi infinite dilution in Titanium and Iron.*

    J. Mat. Nucl, 22, p. 276.

    - Quéré Y. (1968a). “Canaligraphie”, a method to study crystal defects.*

    J. Physique, 29, p. 215.

    - Quéré Y. (1968b). Dechanneling by dislocations.*

    Phys. Letters,  26 A, p. 578.

    - Quéré Y., Couve H. (1968c). Radiography of Platinum by means of channeled a particles.

    J. Appl. Phys., 39, p. 4012.

    - Quéré Y. (1968d). Dechanneling cylinder of dislocations.

    Phys. Stat. Solidi, 30, p. 713.

    - Conte R.R., Dural J., Quéré Y. (1968e). Vacancies in Gold and Matthiessen’s rule.

    Proc. Int. Conf on vacancies and interstitials, Jülich, KFA, P.255.

    - Quéré Y. (1968f). A study of crystal defects with channeled particles.*

    CEA Report R. 3606.

    - Ostertag E., Quéré Y. (1969a). Annealing kinetics of vacancies to dislocations.

    Phil. Mag., 19, p. 158.

    - Ponsoye J., Quéré Y. (1969b). Thermal expansion of a linear chain under stress: application to irradiation- induced creep. Radiation effects, 1, p. 141.

    - Quéré Y. (1970). Dechanneling by crystal defects.*

    Annales de Physique, 5, p. 105.

    - Quéré Y., Mory J. (1971a). On particle channeling.

    Bull. Inf. Sc. Tech., 164, p. 3.

    - Leteurtre J., Housseau N., Quéré Y. (1971b). Dechanneling of a particles by dislocations in Al.*

    J. Physique, 32, p. 205.

    - Mory J., Quéré Y. (1972a). Dechanneling by stacking faults and dislocations.

    Radiation effects, 13, p. 57.

    - Quéré Y. (1972b). Dechanneling of heavy particles by crystal defects.*

    Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéralogie et Critallographie, 95, p. 648.

    - Quéré Y. (1973a). An overview of point defects in metals.*

    J. de Microscopie, 16, p. 111.

    - Quéré Y. (1973b). Electrical resistivity and specific heat : two major tools in metal physics.*

    Electronic properties of Metals and Alloys, Masson, p. 407.

    - Quéré Y. (1974). Dechanneling of fast particles by lattice defects.

    J. Mat. Nucl., 53, p. 262.

    - Quéré Y. (1975a). A temperature-dependent planar potential for channeling.

    Phys Rev. B.11, p. 1818.

    - Ronikier D., Désarmot G., Housseau N., Quéré Y. (1975b). Dechanneling by gas bubbles in a solid. Radiation effects, p. 27.

    - Quéré Y., Leteurtre J. (1975c). Elastic and plastic properties of irradiated metals.*

    Ann. des Mines, p.  1.

    - Quéré Y. (1976a). On « measurements » of radiation damage by backscaterring experiments.

    Radiation effects, 28, p. 253.

    - Quéré Y., Uggerhoj E. (1976b). The use of accelerators to obtain channeling micrographs of polycristalline foils.

    Phil. Mag., 34, p. 1197.

    - Zuppiroli L., Pouchou J.-L., François A., Leteurtre J., Quéré Y. (1977a). Induced-creep of Molybdenum iradiated by fission fragments at 20 K.

    Phil. Mag. 35, p. 853.

    - Quéré Y. (1977b). About the determination of lattice defects in backscattering experiments.

    In : Ion implantation in semi-conductors, Plenum, p. 687.

    - Quéré Y. (1978). About the dechanneling due to dislocation loops. Radiation effects, 38 p. 131.

    - Dural J., Quéré Y. (1979). Stress-induced déformation of Lithium fluoride irradiated at 20K.*

    J. Physique, Lettres, 40, p. 369.

    - Bhattacharya, P.K., Uggerhoj E., Mory J., Quéré Y. (1980a). Evidence of dechanneling by dislocations. Radiation effects, 51, 127.

    - Désarmot G., Quéré Y. (1980b). Precipitation of G-P zones observed by a particle dechanneling.

    Acta. Metal., 28, p. 1375.

    - Rullier F., Païdassi S., Quéré Y. (1980c). Low temperature irradiation of the Nb3 Ge superconductor by neutrons and electrons.

    J. Physique, 41, p. 515.

    - Quéré Y. (1980d). Imageing by channeling. In : Imageing processes and coherence in Physics, Springer Verlag.

    - Rullier F., Dural J., Quéré Y. (1980e) Defect production rate and threshold displacement energy in Nb3 Ge superconductor.

    Radiation effects, 53, p. 95. 

    - Rullier F., Quéré Y. (1981a). An experimental argument – in Nb3 Ge – for the Labbé-Barisic-Friedel theory of superconductivity.

    Phys. Letters, 81A p. 232.

    - Beuneu B., Quéré Y. (1981b) A paraelastic interstitial in Molybdenum.*

    J. Physique, Lettres, 42, p. 465.

    - Boucher R., Quéré Y. (1981c). Plutonium-based energy sources for heart pace-makers.*

    J. Mat. Nucl., 100, p. 132.

    - Gély M.-H. Rullier F., Quéré Y., Dunlop A. (1982a). Neutron damage in superconductor Nb3 Ge.

    J. Mat. Nucl., 103, p. 745.

    - Quéré Y., Rullier F. (1982b). Creation of point defects in superconductors.

    Yamada Science Tokyo University press, p. 609.

    - Ganne J.-P. Quéré Y. (1982c).  Intrinsic thermal expansion of point defects in metals.

    Yamada Science Tokyo University press, p. 232.

    - Beuneu B., Quéré Y. (1982d). Para-elasticity in électron irradiated molybdenum.

    Yamada Science Tokyo University press, p. 156.

    - Gély M.-H., Dunlop A., Quéré Y. (1983). An ephemeral Frenkel pair in Iridium.

    J. Physique Lettres 44, p. 219.

    - Quéré Y.  (1984). Microstructural information from channeling measurements.

    In : Metallurgy and Material sciences. Risf Reports. p. 234.

    - Quéré Y. (1985a). Gaseous and solid bubbles in crystals.*

    La vie des Sciences, Acad. Sci., 2, p. 113.

    - Cohen C. Dural J., Gaillard M.-J., Genre R., Grob J.-J. Hage-Ali M., Kirsch R., L’Hoir A., Mory J., Poizat J.-C., Quéré Y. Remilleux D., Schmaus D., Toulemonde M. (1985b). Channeling of 2.4 GeV Argon ions in a Germanium crystal.

    J. Physique Lettres, 46, p. 1565.

    - Weinberg C., Quéré Y. (1987a). Anisotropy : a valuable ally in the study of point defect clustering. Materials Sc Forum, 15, p. 943.

    - Cohen C., Dural J., … Quéré Y., et al. (1987b ). High energy heavy ions in crystals.

    Relativistic channeling, Plenum, p. 493

    - Quéré Y. (1988a). Radiation effects in (old and new) superconductors.

    Nucl. Instr. Meth. B33, p. 906.

    - Rullier-Albenque F., Bielska H., Quéré Y., Wallner G., Müller P. (1988b). Defect production rates in normal and in superconducting states.

    J. Nucl. Mater., 151, p. 245.

    - Lewandowski S., Paumier E., Quéré Y., Jin-Yun-Fan. (1988c) Observation of transient response to Niobium superconducting thin film to a single heavy ion impact.

    Europhys. Lett., 6, p. 425.

    - Quéré Y., Rullier-Albenque F. (1989a). Point defects in superconductors.

    J. Nucl. Mater., 169 p. 19.

    - Cohen C. Poizat J.-C., Remilleux D., Quéré Y. et al. (1989b). Experimental aspects of S.H.I.C. (Swift Heavy Ion Channeling).

    Nucl. Instr. Meth., 110, p. 167.

    - Andriamonje S., Anne R.,…Quéré Y. (1989c). Electron-impact ionization for 27 MeV/u Xe35 incident ions channeled in Silicon.

    Phys. Rev. Lett., 63, p. 1930.

    - Cohen C. Poizat J.-C., Remilleux D., Quéré Y. et al. (1990a). Impact parameter dependance of energy loss and target-electron-induced ionization  for 27 MeV/u Xe35 incident ions transmitted in <110> Silicon channels.

    Nucl. Instr. Meth., B48, p. 145.

    - Cohen C. Poizat J.-C., Remilleux D., Quéré Y. et al.  (1990 b). Exchange processes of high energy heavy ions channeled by crystals.

    In : Lecture notes in Physics, 376, Springer p. 221.

    - Quéré Y., Andriamonje S. et al. (1991).  GeV Xenon ions channeled through a Silicon crystal.

    Rad. Effects, 117, p. 63.

    - Andriamonje S., Chevallier M.,… Quéré Y. et al. (1992). RTE measurement with Xe52+ ions channeled in a Si crystal.

    Phys. Letters, A164, p. 184.

    - Andriamonje S., Chevallier M.,… Quéré Y. et al. (1996). Influence of intrashell excitation (n=2) on the population of metastable states of H- and He-like Krypton ions in channeling conditions.

    Nucl. Instr. Meth., B107, p. 1.